Microwave Assisted Facile Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Novel 2-Indolyl -1, 5-Benzothiazepines
Anna P. G. Nikalje*, a, Mangesh S. Ghodkeb, Firoz A. K. Khana, Jaiprakash N. Sangshettia
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2016
First Page: 117
Last Page: 130
Publisher Id: PHARMSCI-3-117
Article History:Received Date: 11/06/2015
Revision Received Date: 21/03/2016
Acceptance Date: 25/03/2016
Electronic publication date: 22/06/2016
Collection year: 2016
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
The research work reports facile, eco-friendly microwave- assisted solvent free synthesis of coupled heterocyclic system 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-4-substitued-2, 3-dihydrobenzo [1, 5] thiazepine derivatives obtained by cyclo condensation of 1-substituted-3(1H-indolyl)-2-propen-1-ones with 2-amino thiophenol in presence of eco-friendly catalyst zirconium(IV) oxy chloride, in solvent-free conditions. The reaction was completed in 3-6 minutes and gives better yields than the conventional synthesis which requires 6-8 hrs.
Result and Conclusion:
The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for antihypertensive activity in Sprague- Dawley rats by tail- cuff method and compared with diltiazem, the standard antihypertensive drug. The data suggested that some of the compounds of the current series exhibited enhanced antihypertensive activity than the standard. As benzothiazepines are bioisosters of benzodiazepines, the synthesized novel indolyl-benzothiazepine derivatives were also screened for CNS activities such as CNS depressant activity by actophotometer and anticonvulsant activity by MES and PTZ model on mice. The title compounds have exhibited good CNS depression and anticonvulsant activity. The compounds thus have shown dual antihypertensive and CNS depressant, anticonvulsant activity and are biologically potential molecules. The molecular docking was performed for the synthesized compounds to assess their binding affinities to GABA-A receptor in order to rationalize their anticonvulsant activities in a qualitative way.